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Category Archive for 'Process'

The Resilience Alliance  
CIFOR Adaptive Collaborative Management Programme 
Adaptive Collaborative Management of Community Forests in Asia (242 page book in pdf at 4.59 mb)
Charting the New Territory of Adaptive Co-management: A Delphi Study. (2007). Plummer and Armitage. Ecology and Society.
Participatory research and development for sustainable agriculture and natural resource management: A sourcebook. Volume 1: Understanding Participatory Research [...]

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Two main activities will help you get started in engaging stakeholders to assess the performance of their landscape.  One involves scoring their landscape.  The other involves employing a variety of other communication and social learning tools that will elicit stakeholders’ visions and ideas about how they would like their landscape to perform.
Scoring landscape performance criteria [...]

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The first measures that you take of your landscape will establish your baseline. Your baseline provides a ‘snapshot’ of the condition of your landscape at the present time. Unless monitoring has occurred prior to initiating your measurement initiative, or you have historical data to draw from, your baseline will mark the beginning of your trend [...]

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Ecological integrity denotes a system with its historical species composition and structure. Composition refers to the assemblages of species in those habitats, and structure refers primarily to physical attributes such as multi-layering of forests, decomposing of logs on the ground, pit and mound topography and so on.
Criterion C2: Natural and semi-natural habitats within the [...]

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A natural habitat contains native species and has proceeded along some ecological path of development. Most biodiversity does not need pristine habitat to exist, although some may. Thus, a combination of natural and somewhat disturbed (semi-natural) habitats are worth protecting.
Criterion C1: The landscape contains an adequate quantity and suitable configuration of natural and semi-natural habitat [...]

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Ecosystem services are processes and functions which ecosystems provide that sustain and improve human life (Daily 1997). The benefits that ecosystem services deliver are commonly divided into five groups as depicted in Table 1.
Table 1: Ecosystem services grouped by type of benefit.*

Regulating services

Climate regulation
Nutrient cycling
Soil fertilization
Waste
Detoxification/ decomposition

Supporting Services

Drought and flood mitigation
Pest and disease control
Pollination
Seed dispersal
Sun [...]

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This section characterizes different types of biodiversity indicators, and discusses challenges in identifying appropriate indicators for biodiversity conservation goals. It suggests an approach and typology for developing conservation indicators for agricultural landscape mosaics. Finally, it identifies the three landscape performance criteria concerned with biodiversity and links to tables of potential indicators for each, and means of [...]

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Back to Unit Home
Continue to Unit 5: Establishing a Baseline

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In the Landscape Measures framework, the institutional performance goal is principally concerned with the capacity for landscape level planning and management of human and natural resources in an integrated and adaptive way.  The adaptive collaborative management (ACM) approach is consistent with this goal.  Institutional performance is likely to be a good predictor of land use performance.  Therefore it is [...]

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The choice of livelihood indicators and means of measuring them can be usefully organized around the Sustainable Livelihoods Framework (SLF) developed by DFID (Carney, 1998).  The framework has come into widespread use by civic and public sector organizations around the world.  Therefore, the term itself communicates useful information to parters and stakeholders, and as experience with the SLF grows [...]

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